Intro to Biology uses the book Focus on Middle School Biology and covers the fundamentals of scientific methodology in practice as it provides the basic vocabulary and concepts for understanding what life is, its categories, and the nature and function of cells. The course seeks to inspire students with the beauty and meaning of the ordered whole as it emphasizes the best habits of "modern science" through observation and recording. Ten units and ten experiments are covered from the books. Additional content and instruction is provided to ensure that the course is sufficiently challenging for middle school students. The students are introduced to the microscope and its uses.

This course is recommended to be taken first among our intermediate level science courses, since the greatest amount of time and emphasis is placed on basic skills, the single book is covered over 30 weeks, and the subject matter is vividly present for observation in the lives of children.


Intro to Geology uses the book Focus on Middle School Geology and covers the fundamentals of scientific methodology in practice as it provides the basic vocabulary and concepts for understanding what the earth is in its parts and as a system. The focus is upon physical rather than historical geology. The course seeks to inspire students with the beauty and meaning of the ordered whole as it emphasizes the best habits of modern science" through observation, experiment, and recording. Ten units and ten experiments are covered from the books. Additional content, experimentation, and instruction is provided to ensure that the course is sufficiently challenging for middle school students.

This course is recommended to be taken second among our intermediate level science courses, since the emphasis continues to be placed on basic skills, the book is covered in 15 weeks, and the subject matter is vividly present for observation in the lives of children.
Intro to Astronomy uses the book Focus on Middle School Astronomy and covers the fundamentals of scientific methodology in practice as it provides the basic vocabulary and concepts for understanding the earth as a planet situated in the solar system, galaxy, and universe. The course seeks to inspire students with the beauty and meaning of the ordered whole as it emphasizes the best habits of modern science" through observation, experiment, and recording. Ten units and ten experiments are covered from the books. Additional content, experimentation, and instruction is provided to ensure that the course is sufficiently challenging for middle school students.

This course is recommended to be taken third among our intermediate level science courses, since the emphasis continues to be placed on basic skills, the book is covered in 15 weeks, and the subject matter is vividly present for observation in the lives of children.

Intro to Chemistry uses the book Focus on Middle School Chemistry and covers the fundamentals of scientific methodology in practice as it provides the basic vocabulary and concepts for understanding chemistry. The course seeks to inspire students with the beauty and meaning of the ordered whole as it emphasizes the best habits of "modern science" through observation, experiment, and recording. Ten units and ten experiments are covered from the books. Additional content, experimentation, and instruction is provided to ensure that the course is sufficiently challenging for middle school students.

This course is recommended to be taken fourth among our intermediate level science courses, since the emphasis continues to be placed on basic skills, the book is covered in 15 weeks, and the subject matter is vividly present for observation in the lives of children.


Intro to Physics uses the book Focus on Middle School Physics and covers the fundamentals of scientific methodology in practice as it provides the basic vocabulary and concepts for understanding physics. The course seeks to inspire students with the beauty and meaning of the ordered whole as it emphasizes the best habits of modern science" through observation, experiment, and recording. Ten units and ten experiments are covered from the books. Additional content, experimentation, and instruction is provided to ensure that the course is sufficiently challenging for middle school students.

This course is recommended to be taken fifth among our intermediate level science courses, since the emphasis continues to be placed on basic skills, the book is covered in 15 weeks, and the subject matter is vividly present for observation in the lives of children.


Course Description: One of the basic divisions of natural beings is between those that live and those that do not. Biology is the study of living things. This course is designed for high-school students and is suitable for use in any of the four grades. It does not assume the student has had any other high-school science course and, in particular, does not assume a background in Chemistry.

Why we chose this text? A crucial requirement for us was finding a book that reflected a proper understanding of the distinction between the methods of discovery and the modes of knowing proper to experimental science and natural philosophy. In brief, both spheres of inquiry begin with experience. Experimental science remains at the level of specific, observed reality, seeking increased precision and greater probability of accuracy through testing, repetition, and controlled experimentation. Natural philosophy delves into the understanding of universal concepts and necessary truths through the abstraction of universals. Biology tells us man has an immune system and how it works; philosophy of man tells us man is a rationally ensouled animal. The distinctions in method and mode are introduced in our trivium sequence.

The authors of this text carefully seek to express and respect the distinction. On the one hand, they promote good science by demanding precision in method by promoting a clear understanding of the limits of what is known, and by not attempting to present truths from Revelation or philosophy as scientific alternatives. On the other hand, they promote good philosophy by not allowing the discoveries of experimental science to be elevated as the only things known or generalized as more than probable theories, avoiding materialistic reductionism and scientism.

In addition, the authors promote a number of other pedagogical ideas that are wonderful: they emphasize mastery over breadth, keeping the text tight and focused. They emphasize integration, bringing in history, theory, mathematics, and promoting good English usage. And, they are carefully cognizant of the need to appreciate (not merely know) reality in wonder and gratitude.

Course Supplement: Philosophy of Nature. In keeping with of these goals, the experimental science lessons will be supplemented with lessons in natural philosophy. These will underscore the different uses of logic appropriate to the different methods and provide an introduction to the philosophy of nature proper. The goal will be to provide a philosophically and scientifically rich and balanced understanding of living things.

Labs. A laboratory component is essential for every high-school level science class. Not only does a lab practicum give students direct knowledge and experience that are virtually impossible to obtain from a text, but the report writing component of lab work provides a rich enhancement to the overall learning objectives for the course. The students will be required to write full-length lab reports from scratch for some labs and short form reports for others.